Bipolar Disorder Symptoms & Causes & Treatment

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder, what are the symptoms of bipolar disorder? how to treat bipolar disorder, what are its causes, and what to know about bipolar disorder.

Bipolar disorder; It is a psychological disorder that is quite common today and is known by names such as bipolar disorder, manic-depressive illness. Roughly defined, bipolar disorder is a disorder in which the person oscillates between two separate mania and depressive episodes. While the person feels normal for a while, he or she experiences a period of mania and a period of depression. These moods go on incessantly, and the person's life is affected in a very negative way.

In the mania phase, the patient feels excessively active, talks constantly, has more self-confidence, does not care about any danger and risk around him, and may have outbursts. This mania may end suddenly and the patient may switch to a depressive state. In the depressive episode, intense withdrawal symptoms, restlessness, unhappiness, helplessness, depression and suicidal tendencies can be seen.

The patient, who has entered a depressive period, cannot enjoy the activities he previously enjoyed, he may experience pain in various parts of his body, he feels guilty and his self-confidence drops. Bipolar personality disorder takes a different course than ordinary episodes of depression or happiness. The person with bipolar disorder experiences both manic and depressive feelings in the most extreme and extreme way. Bipolar attacks occur periodically in the person. A person may feel as if he or she has never been ill at all. But then he suddenly experiences a depressive episode and a manic episode.

Bipolar Disorder Symptoms

The most important symptom of bipolar disorder is the patient's manic picture, which is considered to be the core feature of the disease; necessary to make a definitive diagnosis.
Manic Episode Symptoms:

  • Increase in energy and motor activity level
  • Significant reduction in need for sleep
  • Distractibility
  • Increase in self-confidence and seeing oneself as much bigger than they are
  • Increased impulsivity towards pleasurable or risky behaviors

This increase in energy during the manic period can make the person feel extremely productive, active and spiritually very good during this period. This delays the person's realization of the need for treatment and thus makes it difficult to diagnose. In the depressive period, on the other hand, almost the opposite of the manic period is experienced and people usually apply to the physician with the complaint of depression during this period. It is very difficult to distinguish between minor depression and manic-depressive disorder, but it is critical for the correct diagnosis and early treatment of the disease.
Depressive Episode Symptoms:

  • Significant decrease in energy level
  • Increased need for sleep and waking up tired
  • Loss of self-confidence and feeling of worthlessness
  • Pessimism, despair
  • Inability to enjoy activities that were previously enjoyed
  • Significant increase or decrease in appetite
  • Thoughts of death and suicide

All of these are common symptoms that occur in the state of depression, but they are not sufficient for a diagnosis of bipolar disorder. In order for the diagnosis of bipolar disorder to be made accurately, every patient presenting with the complaint of depression should be evaluated in detail.

Causes of Bipolar Disorder

It is known that genetic factors are among the causes of bipolar disorder. A stressful life lived by people who are genetically predisposed to bipolar disorder can trigger this disease.
Neurotransmitters, which enable brain development and communication between brain cells, are also thought to cause bipolar disorder. People with a family member with bipolar disorder are more likely to develop bipolar disorder.
Some other reasons:

  • Smoking
  • Bad eating habits
  • Side effects of drugs
  • Stressful life
  • Financial problems
  • Changes in the adrenaline, insulin, stress hormone and cortisol systems

Bipolar Disorder Treatment

In the treatment process of bipolar disorder, the cooperation of the patient with the physician and the support of her family members in the treatment process are very important.

During the attacks, if the patient is in a depressive state, antidepressants and mood stabilizer medication are usually administered. In the manic period, if psychotic symptoms accompany, antipsychotics can be used.

The treatment process aims to prevent attacks not only when attacks occur. Mood stabilizing drugs are very important in this respect.
Here are some suggestions for before and after bipolar disorder:

  • Have a regular and adequate sleep pattern.
  • Eat a healthy and balanced diet suitable for age and body type.
  • Exercise as much as possible.
  • Avoid stressful environments as much as possible.
  • Alcohol should be reduced as much as possible or not consumed at all.
  • Do breathing exercises.
  • Lead a stress-free life.
  • My personal advice is get a pet.

Bipolar Disorder Other Information

The diagnosis of the disease is difficult to make by yourself. If people around you suggest that you consult a doctor, please consult a doctor.

Bipolar disorder is a psychological disorder seen in approximately 3% of the population. The age scale of bipolar disorder, which usually lays its foundations in childhood and adolescence, is around 20-25 years old.

How successful the bipolar disorder treatment will be and how much it will affect the attacks varies depending on dozens of factors. In the light of the information obtained, 15% of people with bipolar disorder recover without experiencing an attack again. 45% of the patients may experience attacks in various periods, but these are much milder attacks compared to the pre-treatment period. Bipolar disorder is a treatable psychological disorder as long as it is not too late.


You can send us questions about bipolar disorder.
I wish you all a life free of psychological problems.

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