Toothache / Causes & Treatment )

Toothache

What is toothache? why do teeth hurt? how is toothache treated? toothache treatment methods and things to know.

Oral and dental hygiene; It is one of the essential elements for a healthy life. When oral hygiene is not provided, many diseases, especially dental diseases, can occur. The most common symptom of dental and gum diseases in humans is toothache. Toothache; It is a serious health problem that can affect people of all ages.

What is Toothache?

Toothache is the name given to pain that develops in or around the tooth. Smaller toothaches can be caused by a temporary gum irritation that the individual can do at home. But more serious and severe toothaches are caused by dental and oral problems that will not heal on their own and need to be treated by a dentist.

The pulp in the tooth has a soft structure filled with nerves, tissues and blood vessels. These pulpal nerves are among the most sensitive nerves in the human body. When these nerves become irritated or infected with bacteria, they can cause abscesses and severe pain.

Causes of Toothache

  • Gum diseases: Symptoms such as redness and toothache are seen in gum diseases that occur as a result of inflammation of the gums.
  • Dental caries: Caries formation in the tooth; It is seen as a result of wear and gap formation on the outer surface of the tooth called “enamel”. The plaque that forms on the tooth enamel is mostly broken due to dietary habits. This triggers the formation of caries. Caries can cause toothache.
  • Sensitive teeth: In cases where tooth enamel is worn, the middle layer of the tooth, called dentin, is exposed. This layer contains many nerve endings. This causes sensitivity in nerve endings when hot or cold food and drink is consumed. This sensitivity can also cause toothache in some cases.
  • Bruxism: Bruxism, also known as clenching or grinding while sleeping, can also cause toothache. Clenching your teeth can wear down the enamel and even cause tooth cracks.
  • Other causes of toothache
    • Cracked teeth
    • Tooth abscess
    • Impacted tooth
    • Headaches such as migraine
    • Problems in the joints or muscles between the jaw and skull

How to Get Rid Of a Toothache?

The dentist may first take an X-ray or perform other clinical tests to find the source of the toothache. The best way to stop tooth or jaw pain is with pain relievers first. The doctor may prescribe antibiotics (such as amoxicillin) if there is swelling of the gums or face, or if the patient has a fever.

The dentist may apply a desensitizing varnish or fluoride treatment to help strengthen the tooth and seal a potentially sensitive part of the tooth. It may be determined that a deep cleaning is necessary to remove harmful bacteria and plaque stuck below the gum line.

The dentist can find many factors that cause toothache. In this case, the dentist will give priority to dental treatment in order of seriousness. If the cause of the toothache is an infection of the dental nerve, root canal treatment, i.e. removal of the infected pupil and replacement with a sealant material may be needed.

If sinus infection, muscle or nerve problems cause toothache or jaw pain, plans will be made for the treatment of the underlying health problem of the toothache.

What Is Good For Toothache?

  • Gargling with vinegar or salt water temporarily relieves toothache and makes the patient feel comfortable.
  • If the toothache occurs at night, lying down increases the pain. For this reason, the pillow needs to be raised.
  • Pain can be relieved by applying ice packs or rinsing the mouth with cold water.
  • In some cases, applying hot compresses and rinsing the mouth with hot water is also one of the pain relief measures.
  • Brushing teeth and flossing when pain occurs is also a precaution. Cleaning the food residues accumulated between the teeth can relieve the tooth.
  • Clove oil can also be used to relieve pain caused by tooth decay. When a few drops of clove oil are poured on a piece of cotton and placed on the tooth, temporary relief is provided.

Other Information About Toothache

The most important way to prevent toothache is to pay attention to the health and care of teeth and gums. First of all, it is necessary to limit sugary foods and drinks. Regular and correct dental care is also very important.

Regular dental check-ups by a dentist are recommended. These checks can be every 12 or 24 months. In children, this period is every 6 months.

Soft toothbrushes should be preferred to prevent gum diseases. Teeth and tartar should be cleaned at least twice a year. In this way, both dental caries and other tooth and gum diseases can be prevented.

It is wrong to think that toothache occurs only in the teeth and mouth area. Because toothache can also be felt in various parts of the body. Toothache can also cause headaches.

In some cases, toothache or tooth sensitivity may go away on its own. This is most likely explained as a reversible inflammatory response of your tooth. However, it should be remembered that once a dentist has made an accurate diagnosis of the cause of your pain, further damage can be prevented and a permanent solution to the toothache can be found.


Oral and dental health is an issue that you should pay attention to.
We wish you all a pain-free world.

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